Automated testing requires you to use a testing tool, like SoapUI, while manual testing consists of writing your own code to test the API. API testing is one of the areas where automated testing is highly recommended, particularly in the world of DevOps , agile development, and continuous delivery cycles. Of course, automated API testing can be performed in many more cases than this, most importantly, when you are pressed for time. API testing automation even allows you to test in tandem with development.
API usability testing should continue be a manual testing priority, making sure to create a better, simpler, developer experience. If you're looking for an quick and easy manual testing experience, try out the new tool from our friends over at Swagger, Swagger Inspector. It's a super easy to use testing tool that you can use right in your browser. Before you head off on your own and get started with API testing of your very own, here are the top 10 tips we want you to remember when API testing!
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Toggle navigation Toggle navigation. It is basically a part of software testing and test plan should always contain specific space for this testing. To test the system as a whole, requirements and expectations should be clear and the tester needs to understand the real-time usage of application too.
Therefore, while testing system a clear picture of how the application is going to be used and what kind of issues it can face in real time can be helpful. In addition to that, a requirements document is as important as understanding the application. Clear and updated requirements document can save tester from a number of misunderstandings, assumptions and questions. In short, a pointed and crisp requirement document with latest updates along with an understanding of real-time application usage can make ST more fruitful.
Given below are the various steps involved while performing this testing:. The points stated below are covered in this testing:. Test Plan is a document which is used to describe the purpose, objective, and scope of a product to be developed.
Unit Testing - Software Testing Fundamentals
What has to be tested and what should not be tested, testing strategies, tools to be used, environment required and every other detail is documented to proceed further with the testing. Test plan helps to proceed with testing in a very systematic and strategic manner and that helps to avoid any risks or issues while testing is done. System Test Plan covers the following points:.
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The test cases are written in the same way as they are written for functional testing. System test cases include the below fields in the template:. If the user can see products available, can add products to his cart can do payment and can get confirmation via e-mail or SMS or call. If the major functionality like searching, filtering, sorting, adding, changing, wishlist etc work as expected. If number of users defined as in requirement document can access the site simultaneously. If the site launches properly in all major browsers and their latest versions.
pen test (penetration testing)
If the transactions are being done on the site via specific user are secure enough. If the site launches properly on all the supported platforms like Windows, Linux, Mobile etc. If the content of pages is properly aligned, well managed and without spelling mistakes. If a user is satisfied after using the site or in other words user does not find it difficult to use the site.
ST is called a superset of all types of testing as all the major types of testing are covered in it. Although a focus on types of testing may vary on the basis of product, organization processes, timeline and requirements. The overall it can be defined as below: click on image to enlarge. Functionality Testing: To make sure that functionality of product is working as per the requirements defined, within the capabilities of the system. Recoverability Testing: To make sure how well the system recovers from various input errors and other failure situations.
Interoperability Testing: To make sure whether the system can operate well with third-party products or not. Reliability Testing: To make sure system can be operated for longer duration without developing failures. Security Testing: To make sure that system does not allow unauthorized access to data and resources. Usability Testing : To make sure that system is easy to use, learn and operate. GUI is basically what is visible to a user while he uses the application. GUI testing involves testing of buttons, icons, check boxes, List box, Textbox, menus, toolbars, dialog boxes etc.
Compatibility testing is done to ensure that the developed product is compatible with different browsers, Hardware Platforms, Operating System and database as per the requirement document. Exception handling testing is performed to verify that even if an unexpected error occurs in the product, it should show the correct error message and does not let the application stop. It handles the exception in a way that the error is shown meanwhile the product recovers and allows the system to process the incorrect transaction. Volume testing is a type of non-functional testing wherein testing is done using a huge amount of data.
Volume of data is increased in the database to verify the system performance. Stress Testing is done by increasing the number of users at the same time on an application to an extent that the application breaks down. This is done to verify the point at which the application will break down. Sanity testing is performed when the build is released with a change in the code or functionality or if any bug has been fixed. It verifies that the changes done have not affected the code and no other issue has occurred because of that and the system works as previously.
Sanity testing is done for the change done or for the fixed issue and not for the complete system. Smoke testing is a testing that is performed on the build to verify if the build is further testable or not. It verifies that the build is stable to test and all the critical functionalities are working fine. The testing team ensures that the build is stable and a detailed level of testing is carried out further.
Smoke Testing checks that no show stopper defect exists in the build which will prevent the testing team to test the application in detail. If testers find that the major critical functionality is broken down at the initial stage itself then testing team can reject the build and inform accordingly to the development team. Smoke Testing is carried out to a detailed level of any Functional or Regression Testing. Static Testing is a type of testing which is executed without any code.
The execution is performed on the documentation during the testing phase. It involves reviews, walkthrough, and inspection of the deliverables of the project. Static Testing does not execute the code instead of the code syntax, naming conventions are checked. Static Testing is also applicable for test cases, test plan, design document. It is necessary to perform static testing by the testing team as the defects identified during this type of testing are cost-effective from the project perspective. This testing is done when a system is stressed beyond its specifications in order to check how and when it fails.
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This is performed under heavy load like putting large number beyond storage capacity, complex database queries, continuous input to the system or database load. Under System Testing technique , the entire system is tested as per the requirements. It is a Black-box type Testing that is based on overall requirement specifications and covers all the combined parts of a system. Testing of an individual software component or module is termed as Unit Testing. It is typically done by the programmer and not by testers, as it requires detailed knowledge of the internal program design and code.
It may also require developing test driver modules or test harnesses. Under Usability Testing , User-friendliness check is done. The application flow is tested to know if a new user can understand the application easily or not, Proper help documented if a user gets stuck at any point. Basically, system navigation is checked in this testing. The testing which involves identifying weakness in the software, hardware and the network is known as Vulnerability Testing.
Malicious programs, the hacker can take control of the system, if it is vulnerable to such kind of attacks, viruses, and worms. So it is necessary to check if those systems undergo Vulnerability Testing before production. It may identify critical defects, flaws in the security. The software or application undergoes a huge amount of data and Volume Testing checks the system behavior and response time of the application when the system came across such a high volume of data.
White Box Testing is based on the knowledge about the internal logic of an application's code. It is also known as Glass box Testing. Internal software and code working should be known for performing this type of testing. Under these tests are based on the coverage of code statements, branches, paths, conditions, etc. The above-mentioned Software Testing Types are just a part of testing. So I have covered some common Types of Software Testing which are mostly used in the testing life cycle.
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Also, there are alternative definitions or processes used in different organizations, but the basic concept is the same everywhere. These testing types, processes, and their implementation methods keep changing as and when the project, requirements, and scope changes. I have 1. I got married and relocated so I need to quit my job in Now I wanted to re-join again into Testing domain.